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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl4302\margr2246\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4302\margrsxn2246\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 214   SUCCESSORS OF MAUES: SATRAPAL FAMILIES}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 predecessor's conquests intact, as is clear from the \expndtw-2 continuance of his coin-types. He also restruck the coins \expndtw1 of Hippostratus, thereby indicating that Azes extended \expndtw5 the Saka rule over eastern Punjab. Some believe that \expndtw9 he was the originator of the era commencing from \expndtw-1 B.C. 58. This view is, however, not at all convincing. \expndtw0 According to numismatic evidence Azilises came \expndtw9 after Azes I, although there was a period in which \expndtw5 both were associated in the government. The former \expndtw7 was in turn succeeded by another Azes, designated \expndtw8 Azes II. Some scholars identify the two Azes, but \expndtw7 better opinion takes them as separate rulers. As we \expndtw-2 shall see below, after Azes II the Saka territories passed \expndtw3 under the sway of Gondophernes.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li18\fi0\ri0\sb119\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 II}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li47\fi0\ri0\sb72\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex91\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Satraps of the North-West}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi457\ri43\sb112\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 In the government by Satraps, it was the usual \expndtw1 practice of the Mahaksatrapa to rule in association with \expndtw-2 a Ksatrapa,\super 1\nosupersub  generally his son, who in due course suc\-\expndtw9 ceeded to the higher position. The Taxila copper\-\expndtw-3 plate of the year 78 gives us two such names\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 Liaka \expndtw6 Kusulaka and his son Patika.\super 2\nosupersub  They were Satraps, \expndtw-2 under Maharaya Moga, of the districts of Chhahara and \expndtw5 Chuksha, perhaps near Taxila.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs37 in}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li482\fi1386\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-356\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex91\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Satraps of Mathurd \i0\charscalex100\expndtw4 The earliest known members of this family were}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li11\fi0\ri25\sb220\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 inscription dated year 134 and with that of the Taxila silver scroll ins\-\expndtw-1 cription dated year 136 of an unspecified era (C.I.7., II, no. XXVII, pp. 70-77) ? Sten Konow refers the Kalwan (near Taxila) record of \expndtw6 the year 134 to the Vikrama era \i (Ep. Ind., \i0 XXI, pp. 256, 259).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi385\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx500 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw3 Ksatrapa is the Sanskrit adaptation of the old Persian Ksa-\line \expndtw4 trapavan (governor of a province).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li392\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx500 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw1 See Sten Konow, C. 7. 7., II, pt. I, no. XIII, pp. 23-29.}\par }